BITH 211. Old Testament Literature and Interpretation. (4 Credits)

Equips students to understand the Old Testament as literature in its ancient historical context and to relate the message of the Old Testament to the contemporary world. Courses in this area will introduce students to the historical and geographical setting, cultural context, and transmission of the Old Testament. Courses will also facilitate direct engagement with the OT book-by-book, with special emphasis given to questions of genre, literary structure, and theology. This course will enable students to describe and evaluate approaches to biblical interpretation, and will encourage students to embrace the teaching of the OT as part of the Christian Bible.

General Education: SHAR

BITH 213. New Testament Literature and Interpretation. (4 Credits)

An overview of the New Testament, tracing its teaching with respect to historical background and literary character.

General Education: SHAR

BITH 221. Old Testament Literature in Three Traditions. (4 Credits)

An overview of the redemptive narrative of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament emphasizing its message and themes with respect to historical background and literary character, and exploring its place in the three monotheistic religions tracing their origins to Abraham—Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Meets General Education requirement in Old Testament. Legacy diversity designation.

General Education: SHAR

BITH 311. Archaeology of Biblical Lands. (4 Credits)

See ARCH 366.

Tags: HP, SI

BITH 312. Old Testament in the Holy Lands. (4 Credits)

A study of the Old Testament integrated with field studies designed to introduce the student to the historical, geographical, and cultural settings of the Old Testament in locations where the events recorded occurred.

General Education: SHAR

BITH 315. Christian Thought. (4 Credits)

An investigation into the basic beliefs of the Christian faith. Prerequisites: BITH 211 or 221 or ARCH 211; and BITH 213 or ARCH 213 or BITH 317. Philosophy majors are encouraged to take BITH 374 instead of this course.

General Education: SHAR

BITH 317. The New Testament in the Holy Lands. (4 Credits)

A study of the New Testament integrated with field studies designed to introduce the student to the historical, geographical, cultural, and religious settings of the New Testament in locations where the events recorded occured and were composed. This is a Wheaton in the Holy Lands/Shared Core course.

General Education: SHAR

BITH 318. Christian Theology in the Holy Lands. (4 Credits)

An exploration of the core beliefs of the Christian faith with special emphasis on the role of the ancient church in its historical contexts in the development of Christian thought and practice. This is a Wheaton in the Holy Lands/Shared Core Course. Prerequisites: BITH 211 or ARCH 211 or BITH 221; and BITH 213 or ARCH 213. Corequisite: BITH 317.

General Education: SHAR

BITH 319. Colonialism and Redemption: Native American Culture and Theology from 1492 to Wounded Knee. (2 Credits)

Legacy diversity designation. See ANTH 319.

BITH 322. Theology and the Arts. (4 Credits)

This course explores the relationship between Christian theology and the arts in order to cultivate a theological vision for the arts that considers both how the particular claims of the Christian faith inform our understanding of the arts and how the arts contribute to the shaping of our faith. Topics will include the arts in Scripture, church history, and theological reflection. Questions to be considered include the relationship between divine creation and human creativity, how the incarnation of Christ transforms our understanding of artistic activity, and how humanity may be inspired to glorify God through the arts. Depending upon the particular version of the course, examples of the arts to be assessed include visual art, music, theater, film, dance, sculpture, and architecture.

Tags: VPA

BITH 323. Literature of the Bible. (4 Credits)

See ENGL 373.

BITH 325. Biblical Interpretation and Hermeneutics. (4 Credits)

A survey of hermeneutical theory discussing past and current views of how author, text, reader, and context contribute to the communication of textual meaning. These insights will be applied to the Bible, giving the student an interpretive strategy for exegeting the biblical text and appropriating it for the contemporary church, as well as an approach to synthesizing one's interpretive work in formulating biblical-theological themes. Basic approaches for doing biblical theology and theological interpretation will be summarized and illustrated. The course is open to non-majors and is a prerequisite for all 400 level Biblical Studies courses. Prerequisite: BITH 211 or 221, or ARCH 211 or BITH 213 or BITH 317, or ARCH 213.

BITH 326. Biblical Theology of Worship. (2 Credits)

An examination of worship in the Bible, both Old and New Testaments with a view to developing a theology of worship that is consistent with the teachings of Scripture. Special attention will be paid to the appropriate application of this theology for the church today. Prerequisite: BITH 211 or 221 or ARCH 211 or BITH 213 or BITH 317 or ARCH 213.

BITH 327. Reading Scripture with the Church Fathers. (2 Credits)

A study of the reception, transmission, and interpretation of Scripture within the early church (2nd to 6th centuries). Emphasis will be placed on the historical context of patristic exegesis, the relationship between scripture and tradition, and questions of hermeneutics. Prerequisite: BITH 211 or 221 or ARCH 213; or BITH 213 or ARCH 213 or BITH 317.

BITH 332. Ruth & Esther. (4 Credits)

A detailed study of the books of Ruth and Esther, giving special attention to historical background, literary analysis, theological emphases, ancient and traditional Jewish and Christian interpretations, recent ideological interpretations, and contemporary application. Prerequisite: BITH 211 or 221, or ARCH 211. This course counts towards the Gender Studies Certificate Program.

Tags: LE

BITH 333. Historical Geography and Context in the Holy Lands. (4 Credits)

Surveys the geographical, historical, religious and archaeological material of biblical Israel and Second Temple Judaism as well as the earliest Christian communities in the Greco-Roman world. Classroom lectures are supplemented by regional studies with overnight field studies, on-site lectures and relevant preparation (map work, biblical readings, etc.). Attention is given to (1) key OT and NT historical events and their geographical location, especially in Jerusalem, Galilee, the Shephelah, Jordan Valley, Negev, and the Dead Sea region, and (2) key NT historical events and their geographical location, especially in Italy (Rome), Greece (e.g., Philippi, Delphi, Thessalonica, Corinth, Athens), and modern Turkey (e.g., Ephesus, Istanbul, Pergamum, Smyrna, Laodicea). Su only.

Tags: HP

BITH 334. Historical Geography. (2 Credits)

A study of selected biblical episodes which are enriched when understood in the context of Near Eastern history and Palestinian geography. Prerequisite: BITH 211 or 221 or ARCH 211.

BITH 337. Early Christian Integration Seminar. (2 Credits)

A study of early Christianity as it relates to contemporary issues. This course is required for the Certificate in Early Christian Studies. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374, or 376.

BITH 338. Genesis 1-11. (2 Credits)

A study of the foundational chapters for the Old and New Testaments. The central themes of creation, God, humanity, the fall, redemption, judgment, and covenant will be investigated in detail. Prerequisite: BITH 211 or 221, or ARCH 211.

BITH 339. Topics in Perennial Theological Questions. (4 Credits)

This course is an in-depth philosophical study of a particular doctrine, figure, or topic. This course may be repeated for different topics.

Tags: PI

BITH 341. Exodus. (2 Credits)

The exodus event is as central to OT theology as the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ to NT theology. The historical and theological implications of this book will be examined, with special emphasis given to the covenant between God and Israel. Prerequisite: BITH 211 or 221, or ARCH 211.

BITH 342. Majority World Theology. (4 Credits)

Readings and discussions on the task of biblical interpretation and theological reflection in the context of World Christianity. The course will focus on emerging theological trends in one region, such as Latin America, but will also survey contemporary developments in other regions: Africa, Asia and Latin America. The topics covered will include Majority World hermeneutics, comparative analysis with Western biblical and theological traditions, and an introduction to parallel trends in North America like Latino/a, African American, Asian American, or Native American Christian theologies. Prerequisites: BITH 211 and 213 or BITH 315 or 318 or 374.

Tags: GP

BITH 343. The Old Testament in its Cultural Environment. (2 Credits)

An introduction to background and comparative studies in order to understand the impact that the literature and thinking of the ancient world had on the Israelites and on biblical literature. The course will focus on methodology and will consider both similarities and differences that emerge as the cultures and literatures are compared. Prerequisite: BITH 211 or 221 or ARCH 211.

BITH 344. The Psalms: Songs of Israel and the Church. (2 Credits)

A study of the book of Psalms in light of both the type and content of individual psalms and the organization of the Psalter as a book in the social and cultural life of Israel. Attention will be given to how the book of Psalms guides individuals and communities in their worship of God, while also imparting its own theological methods for God's people. Prerequisite: BITH 211 or 221 or ARCH 211.

BITH 345. Life of David. (2 Credits)

A study of the life and thought of David as found in the Books of Samuel and Psalms with an emphasis on ‘spiritual theology.’ Prerequisite: BITH 211 or 221 or ARCH 211.

BITH 349. Old Testament Topics. (2 or 4 Credits)

Study of an Old Testament portion or theme. Course may be repeated for different topics. Prerequisite: BITH 211 or 221 or ARCH 211.

BITH 351. Jesus Of Nazareth. (4 Credits)

A thorough study of Jesus' life and teaching. Primary attention will be given to reconstructing the first-century historical and cultural setting of Judaism that shaped Jesus' message. Additional emphasis on developments within current "Jesus research" and assessment of the results of critical scholarship. Prerequisite: BITH 213 or 317, or ARCH 213.

Tags: HP

BITH 352. Paul Of Tarsus. (2 or 4 Credits)

A study of the life and thought of Paul as found in the book of Acts and in Paul's New Testament letters. The course will synthesize the major categories of Pauline thought and emphasize their value for faith today. Prerequisite: BITH 213 or 317, or ARCH 213.

BITH 354. Women in the World of the NT. (2 Credits)

This course will examine women’s lives and the concept of female in the New Testament and the wider Greco-Roman world, including Second Temple Judaism, by studying the biblical text, literary sources and archaeological evidence. This course will explore New Testament women’s participation in and contributions to the Christian story in the first century, and discuss women’s participation in leadership in the church today. General pictures of women’s lives in Judaism and the Greco-Roman world will supplement the portrait of early Christian women. Prerequisite: BITH 213 or 317, or ARCH 213. Legacy diversity designation.

BITH 355. Theology of the Promised Land. (2 Credits)

An integrative course studying the theological motif of the Promised Land in the Bible. This course will explore the theology of the Land as interpreted within Judaism and Christianity over the last two millennia. Prerequisites: Old Testament Literature (BITH 211 or BITH 221) and New Testament Literature (BITH 213).

BITH 356. I Corinthians. (2 or 4 Credits)

A section-by-section survey of 1 Corinthians dealing with the issues of the nature of the Church, Christian behavior and social responsibility, sexuality, marriage and divorce, Christian worship, the spiritual gifts, and the resurrection. Prerequisite: BITH 213 or 317, or ARCH 213.

BITH 358. Acts of the Apostles. (2 or 4 Credits)

A study of the Book of Acts focused on the geographic and ethnic spread of the gospel, the birth and development of the apostolic church, the gospel's relationship to the Jewish and wider Greco-Roman social worlds, and the theology of Acts. Prerequisite: BITH 213 or 317 or ARCH 213.

BITH 359. New Testament Topics. (2 or 4 Credits)

Study of a New Testament portion or theme. Course may be repeated for different topics. Prerequisite: BITH 213 or 317, or ARCH 213.

BITH 361. Advanced Koine Reading. (2 or 4 Credits)

See crosslist GREK 334, 335, 336.

BITH 362. James. (2 Credits)

An exposition of the text of the Epistle of James, focusing on the church situations that prompted the teaching of the various themes it contains, and their correlation to corresponding New Testament motifs. Prerequisite: BITH 213 or 317, or ARCH 213.

BITH 363. The Letter to the Romans. (4 Credits)

A close analysis of Paul's theological argument in the book of Romans with special attention to themes that integrate broadly with the humanities. Prerequisite: BITH 213 or 317, or ARCH 213.

BITH 364. Peter And Jude. (2 Credits)

Exercise in the interpretation of letter genre, by application to portions of 1 Peter, 2 Peter, and Jude. Students use a prescribed method and scholarly resources for productive class discussions. Attention is given to sociological exegesis. Prerequisite: BITH 213 or 317, or ARCH 213.

BITH 365. Prison Epistles. (2 or 4 Credits)

Analysis of Colossians, Ephesians, Philippians, and Philemon, all written while the author was in chains. Attention will focus on the light these letters throw on Paul's life and thought, as well as on the abiding challenge of their message. Prerequisite: BITH 213 or 317, or ARCH 213.

BITH 366. New Testament Topics in Historical Perspectives. (4 Credits)

The writings of the New Testaments are principle sources for understanding the early history of Christianity. Their authors interacted with the historical and cultural developments within first century Roman societies and the first readers interpreted these writings within the same historical matrix. This course will examine select New Testament writings within first century Mediterranean history and explore their place within wider cultural discussions on historiography during the period. Reading from Greek and Latin literature will be included. Prerequisite: BITH 213 or 317, or ARCH 213.

Tags: HP

BITH 367. Jerusalem, the Holy City. (4 Credits)

See ARCH 367.

BITH 368. The Book of Revelation. (2 Credits)

A chapter-by-chapter analysis of the Book of Revelation with consideration of the major themes, apocalyptic symbolism, theology, prophetic character of the book, and relevance to Christian faith and discipleship. Prerequisite: BITH 213 or 317, or ARCH 213.

BITH 369. Religions of Israel and the Ancient Near East. (4 Credits)

See ARCH 369.

BITH 371. Early Christianity: From Rome to Byzantium. (4 Credits)

A history of Christianity from the first century to the eleventh century. Prerequisites: BITH 211 or BITH 221 or ARCH 211; and BITH 213 or ARCH 213 or BITH 317.

BITH 372. Historical Theology. (4 Credits)

Historical survey of people and movements which have shaped the faith of the Christian church from post-biblical times to the present. The course is open to non-majors but is not a substitute for BITH 315.

BITH 373. Marriage, Sex and Family in the Christian Tradition. (4 Credits)

An examination of marriage, sexuality, and the family in the Christian tradition in light of scripture, doctrine, and church history. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374, or 376.

BITH 374. Systematic Theology. (4 Credits)

A critical investigation of Christian doctrine. The course is open only to Biblical and Theological Studies and Philosophy majors. Prerequisites: BITH 211 or 221 or ARCH 211; and BITH 213 or ARCH 213 or BITH 317.

General Education: SHAR

BITH 375. Christian Ethics. (4 Credits)

An investigation into Christian ethical traditions, its biblical and theological dimensions, the development of Christian character, and the task of bringing Christian convictions to bear on ethical issues. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374, or 376.

BITH 376. Theologies of Transformation. (4 Credits)

An investigation into the basic beliefs of the Christian faith, with special attention to their implications in the urban context, and the relationship between church and world. Fulfills the Christian Theology general education requirement. Only offered as part of Wheaton in Chicago. Prerequisites: BITH 211 or 221 or ARCH 211; and BITH 213 or ARCH 213 or BITH 317.

General Education: SHAR

BITH 377. Topics in Christian Thought. (2 Credits)

This course is an in-depth treatment of some theological category (doctrine, figure or topic) or the application of Christian thought to contemporary issues. This course may be repeated for different topics. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374, or 376.

BITH 379. Spiritual Theology: Knowing and Experiencing God. (4 Credits)

See C E 341.

BITH 381. Topics in Spiritual Classics. (2 Credits)

This course is an in-depth study of one or more spiritual classics from the Christian tradition. The text(s) will vary according to instructor's choice. May be repeated for different topics.

BITH 382. Church. (2 Credits)

A study of the doctrine of the church, attending to traditional and contemporary debates and formulations. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374 or 376.

BITH 383. Gender and Theology. (2 Credits)

A theological examination of the representation of women and gender in Christianity. Attention is given to the historical and cultural contexts of the first century and contemporary period. Theological, historical, literary, exegetical, and feminist methods are variously employed. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374, or 376. Legacy diversity designation

BITH 384. Political Theology. (4 Credits)

A study of the theological basis for Christian public engagement, attending to the role of the state, responses to sociopolitical oppression, and the political dimensions of salvation. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374, or 376.

BITH 385. Triune God. (4 Credits)

An overview of the doctrine of God, with particular attention to the doctrine of the Trinity. Both traditional formulations and contemporary contributions will be discussed. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374, or 376.

BITH 388. Person and Work of Christ. (4 Credits)

A study of the doctrines of Christ and salvation, with attention to connections between the two. Topics include classic debates and formulations in church history and systematic theology. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374, or 376.

BITH 389. Holy Spirit and Last Things. (4 Credits)

A study of pneumatology and eschatology, including biblical, historical, doctrinal, and hermeneutical approaches to the doctrines. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374, or 376.

BITH 392. Scripture. (2 Credits)

A study of the doctrine of Scripture, with attention to evangelical perspectives on the doctrine. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374 or 376.

BITH 393. Topics in Christian Thought. (4 Credits)

This course is an in-depth treatment of some theological category (doctrine, figure, or topic) or the application of Christian thought to contemporary issues. This course may be repeated for different topics. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374, or 376.

BITH 394. Topics in Christian History. (4 Credits)

This course is an in-depth study of some phenomenon (figure, event, or time period) from the Christian past. This course may be repeated for different topics.

Tags: HP

BITH 396. Roman Catholic Theology. (4 Credits)

An introduction to Roman Catholic theology and practice. The course will also attend to points of similarity and difference between Roman Catholic and Protestant theology. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374, or 376.

BITH 398. Eastern Orthodox Theology. (4 Credits)

An introduction to Eastern Orthodox theology and practice. The course will also attend to points of similarity and difference between Eastern Orthodox and Protestant theology. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374, or 376.

BITH 417. New Testament and Context in the Holy Lands. (4 Credits)

The study of the New Testament in the geographical, historical, religious, and archaeological context of Israel at the time of Christ and the Greco-Roman world of Paul and the early church. Classroom lectures are supplemented by relevant preparation work (mapping, biblical and supplemental readings, etc.) and by regional on-site lectures in Israel (e.g. Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Samaria, Galilee), Greece (e.g., Philippi, Delphi, Thessalonica, Corinth, Athens, Patmos), modern Turkey (e.g. Ephesus, Istanbul, Pergamum, Smyrna, Laodicea), and Rome. *When travel to any site is not an option due to security issues, we will adjust our schedules accordingly. Prerequisites, BITH 211, 213

BITH 418. Christian Theology in Context in the Holy Lands. (4 Credits)

The study of the Christian theology in the geographical, historical, religious, and archaeological context of Israel at the time of Christ and the Greco-Roman world of Paul and the early church. Classroom lectures are supplemented by relevant preparation work (mapping, biblical and supplemental readings, etc.) and by regional on-site lectures, circumstances permitting, in Israel (e.g. Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Samaria, Galilee), Greece (e.g., Philippi, Delphi, Thessalonica, Corinth, Athens, Patmos), modern Turkey (e.g. Ephesus, Istanbul, Pergamum, Smyrna, Laodicea), and Rome. *When travel to any site is not an option due to security issues, we will adjust our schedules accordingly. Prerequisite BITH 315

BITH 431. Old Testament Criticism. (2 Credits)

A study of the history, method, and results of modern historical-critical approaches to the Old Testament literature. Attention will also be given to a critical assessment of these developments from an evangelical perspective. Prerequisites: BITH 211 or 221, or ARCH 211, and BITH 325.

BITH 433. Jeremiah. (2 or 4 Credits)

A study of the literary content, theological message and contemporary relevance of the Book of Jeremiah against the background of Jeremiah's historical setting. Prerequisites: BITH 211 or 221, or ARCH 211, and BITH 325.

BITH 434. Minor Prophets. (2 Credits)

A literary, historical and theological analysis of the Minor Prophets with special attention to contemporary application and connections with the liberal arts. Prerequisites: BITH 211 or 221, or ARCH 211, and BITH 325.

BITH 438. Wisdom Literature. (2 Credits)

A selection from the Old Testament wisdom books, Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes. The apocryphal books of Jesus ben Sirach and the Wisdom of Solomon may also be read and studied in relation to canonical wisdom. Prerequisites: BITH 211 or 221, or ARCH 211, and BITH 325.

BITH 443. Hebrew Exegesis. (2 or 4 Credits)

Exegesis of books or selected portions of larger books of the Hebrew Old Testament. The focus of the course is to interpret the Hebrew text. The ability to translate the Hebrew text and analyze its syntactical structures is assumed because of the prerequisite. Course may be repeated for different topics. Prerequisites: BITH 211 or 221 or ARCH 211, BITH 325, and HEBR 401.

BITH 449. Old Testament Topics. (2 or 4 Credits)

Study of an Old Testament portion or theme. Course may be repeated for different topics. Prerequisites: BITH 211 or BITH 221 or ARCH 211 and BITH 325.

BITH 451. Greek Exegesis. (2 or 4 Credits)

Exegesis of books or selected portions of larger books of the Greek New Testament. Capability of translation is assumed because of the prerequisite. The purpose of the course is not to teach Greek grammar but to interpret the New Testament from the Greek text. Course may be repeated for different topics. Prerequisites: BITH 213 or 214, or ARCH 213, BITH 325, and completion of GREK 201.

BITH 452. New Testament Criticism. (2 Credits)

A study of the history, method, and results of modern historical-critical approaches to the New Testament literature. Attention will also be given to a critical assessment of these developments from an evangelical perspective. Prerequisites: BITH 213 or 317 or ARCH 213, and BITH 325.

BITH 454. Mark. (2 Credits)

A study of the second gospel focusing on Mark's portrait of Jesus as the catalyst of the Kingdom and as suffering servant. Attention will be given to the relationship between literary forms and religious function in the writing of the gospel. Prerequisites: BITH 213 or ARCH 213, and BITH 325.

BITH 457. John. (4 Credits)

A comprehensive study of John’s gospel. Its insights into personal spirituality, both in the first century and today, will be emphasized in the context of current critical Johannine scholarship. Prerequisites: BITH 213 or 317 or ARCH 213 and BITH 325.

BITH 458. Acts of the Apostles. (4 Credits)

A study of the Book of Acts focused on the geographic and ethnic spread of the gospel, the birth and development of the apostolic church, the gospel's relationship to the Jewish and wider Greco-Roman social worlds, and the theology of Acts. Prerequisite: BITH 213 or 317 or ARCH 213, and BITH 325.

BITH 462. Pastoral Epistles. (2 Credits)

Careful investigation of 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus. Detailed textual analysis will lead to better understanding of the joys and struggles of Christian leadership under Paul's direction. Social roles and cultural issues affecting the Church will receive special attention. Prerequisites: BITH 213 or 317 or ARCH 213, and BITH 325.

BITH 469. New Testament Topics. (2 or 4 Credits)

Study of a New Testament portion or theme. Course may be repeated for different topics. Prerequisites: BITH 213 or ARCH 213, and BITH 325.

BITH 482. Advanced Topics in Christian Thought. (4 Credits)

This course is an in-depth treatment of some theological category (doctrine, figure, or topic) or the application of Christian thought to contemporary issues. This course may be repeated for different topics. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374 or 376.

BITH 483. Augustine. (4 Credits)

A critical analysis of Augustine’s theology in historical context. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374 or 376.

BITH 484. Thomas Aquinas. (4 Credits)

A critical analysis of Thomas Aquinas' theology in historical context. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374 or 376.

BITH 485. Martin Luther. (4 Credits)

A critical analysis of Martin Luther's theology in historical context. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374 or 376.

BITH 486. John Calvin. (4 Credits)

A critical analysis of John Calvin's theology in historical context.Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374 or 376.

BITH 488. Karl Barth. (4 Credits)

A critical analysis of Karl Barth's theology in historical context.Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374 or 376.

BITH 489. Advanced Topics in Christian Thought. (2 Credits)

This course is an in-depth treatment of some theological category (doctrine, figure, or topic) or the application of Christian thought to contemporary issues. This course may be repeated for different topics. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374 or 376.

BITH 491. Early Christianity Senior Seminar. (2 Credits)

An advanced seminar for students in the Certificate for Early Christian Studies to be taken during their senior year. This course is required for the Certificate in Early Christian Studies. Prerequisite: BITH 315, 318, 372, 374, or 376.

BITH 494. Senior Seminar. (2 Credits)

An integrative capstone seminar for Biblical and Theological Studies majors to be taken during their senior year. Prerequisites: BITH 325, BITH 374.

BITH 495. Independent Study. (1 to 4 Credits)

Independent study by qualified students in a special category or topic not offered in a regular course.

BITH 496. Internship. (1 to 4 Credits)

Graded pass/fail. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing with BITH major.

BITH 499. Honors Thesis. (2 or 4 Credits)

By application only.

BITH 502. Hebrew. (4 Credits)

See HEBR 302.

BITH 503. Language Study I. (2 or 4 Credits)

Graduate-level study of an ancient or modern language in conjunction with a one semester or advanced language course taught at Wheaton College. Requires advisor’s approval and permission of instructor.

BITH 504. Language Study II. (2 or 4 Credits)

Graduate-level study of an ancient or modern language in conjunction with a second semester language course taught at Wheaton College. Requires advisor’s approval and permission of instructor.

BITH 505. Language Study III. (2 or 4 Credits)

Graduate-level study of an ancient or modern language in conjunction with a one semester or advanced language course taught at Wheaton College. Requires advisor’s approval and permission of instructor.

BITH 506. Language Study II. (0 Credits)

Building on BITH 505/GERM 372, this course meets weekly during the subsequent semester for an intensive workshop in reading/translating academic prose (primary sources; scholarly books and articles), with a particular focus on readings in theological disciplines and the humanities. Emphasis on textual analysis, review and expansion of key structures, management of linguistic challenges, and development of global reading skills. Prerequisite: BITH 505/GERM 372 or the equivalent.

BITH 508. Intro to Hebrew Exegesis. (4 Credits)

Hebrew language course designed for MA Biblical Exegesis students. Course will continue to develop student language acquisition through review of grammar and syntax, and through intensive reading of selected biblical texts. Introduction will be given to textual criticism, lexical semantics, and the Masoretic text. Prerequisites: HEBR 301 and HEBR 302.

BITH 509. Introduction to Greek Exegesis. (4 Credits)

Greek language course designed for MA Biblical Exegesis students. Course will continue to develop student language acquisition through review of grammar and syntax, and through intensive reading of selected biblical texts. Introduction will be given to textual criticism, lexical semantics, and modern editions of the Greek NT. Prerequisites: GREK 101 and GREK 102; or the equivalent.

BITH 517. Studies in Biblical Lands. (4 Credits)

A study of cultural, historical, geographical, and theological dimensions of the Old Testament, New Testament, and the Church through classroom lecture and travel to Israel, Greece, Turkey, and Rome. In addition, through contact with leaders and communities of non-western churches, Wheaton in the Holy Lands engages students with issues of the theological development of the Church down through the centuries. Summer only.

BITH 518. Studies in Biblical Lands. (4 Credits)

A study of cultural, historical, geographical, and theological dimensions of the Old Testament, New Testament, and the Church through classroom lecture and travel to Israel, Greece, Turkey, and Rome. In addition, through contact with leaders and communities of non-western churches, Wheaton in the Holy Lands engages students with issues of the theological development of the Church down through the centuries. Summer only.

BITH 521. Theology Of Education. (2 Credits)

An examination of fundamental theological issues underlying education, including the relationship of revelation to other disciplines, the Christian conception of persons and knowing, and the relationship of the Church to culture. Required for the Master of Arts in Teaching degree.

BITH 524. Intro to Hermeneutics. (2 Credits)

A theoretical complement to the methodology courses of BITH 542 and BITH 531. This course situates grammatical-historical biblical exegesis in a Christian hermeneutic, with a view to understanding the supporting rationale, life habits, and the aims of our exegetical practices within our life as God’s people. Topics include: the history of hermeneutics; historical and theological approaches to interpretation; World Christian Perspectives; the importance and relations of authors, texts, readers, and divine agency; translation in word and life. This course is a prerequisite for BITH 532, BITH 635, and BITH 646 and a co-requisite for BITH 542 (Old Testament Hermeneutics) and BITH 531 (New Testament Hermeneutics).

BITH 525. Biblical Theology. (4 Credits)

A study of the major theological themes within the Old and New Testaments, based upon the biblical text and the writings of major biblical theologians. The course will also consider the historical development and interrelationship of these themes throughout the successive periods of biblical history.

BITH 526. Biblical Theology of Worship. (2 Credits)

See BITH 326.

BITH 528. Introduction to New Testament Exegesis. (2 Credits)

A practical hermeneutics course, orienting students to the principles and praxis of New Testament grammatical-historical exegesis. Focusing on selected Greek texts chosen from various genres, attention will be given to the literary and rhetorical strategies employed by biblical authors to achieve their intended goals. Particular issues to be addressed include textual criticism, lexical and grammatical analysis, compositional style and genre and the broader canonical and historical contexts. This course is a prerequisite for BITH 646 and BITH 532. Prerequisite: Greek language competency.

BITH 531. New Testament Hermeneutics. (2 Credits)

This course will introduce those specific principles, resources, and skills that are necessary for interpreting New Testament texts that are not dependent on a mastery of the biblical languages. Primary attention will be given to genre analysis, socio-cultural worldview, biblical criticism (including issues of authorship and date of composition for individual books), the significance of the history of interpretation and the role of theology in informing interpretation. The focus throughout will be on building methods useful for exegeting the text. Prerequisite: BITH 524 Introduction to Hermeneutics.

BITH 532. Greek Exegesis in the Septuagint. (2 or 4 Credits)

Introduces the Greek Old Testament and modern Septuagintal studies. Exegesis of selected passages of the Greek Old Testament with special reference to the corresponding passage in the Hebrew text and, when relevant, its use in the New Testament. Prerequisite: BITH 524 and BITH 528, completion of Greek competency and one year of Hebrew or instructor’s approval. Counts toward Greek exegesis requirement in Biblical Exegesis program.

BITH 533. Exploring the Old Testament. (4 Credits)

This course explores the Old Testament, with special attention given to the storyline, historical contexts, and genres across all sections of the Old Testament canon with the of mobilizing students to interpret Scripture.

BITH 534. Pentateuch. (4 Credits)

Primeval and patriarchal history. God's sovereign rule as Creator and the choice and development of Israel as his special people. A study of the relationship between law and covenant and of Israel as a worshiping community.

BITH 535. Prophets & Prophecy. (2 Credits)

A study of the phenomenon of prophecy in ancient Israel, in its theological and cultural settings. In addition to the critical issues, the major prophets will be examined and their message and theology studied as part of the mainstream of the prophetic movement.

BITH 536. Old Testament Book Studies from the English Text. (2 or 4 Credits)

Studies of the content, message, and contemporary relevance of selected portions of the Old Testament against the background and the setting of the original writer and recipients.

BITH 537. Old Testament I: Pentateuch & Historical Books. (4 Credits)

A comprehensive study of the first half of the Old Testament, from Genesis through Esther, with special attention given to the place of biblical criticism, cultural backgrounds and biblical theology in scriptural interpretation. This course is only open to students in the MA Biblical Studies program.

BITH 538. Old Testament II: Prophets & Wisdom Books. (4 Credits)

A comprehensive study of the second half of the Old Testament, from Psalms through Malachi, with special attention given to the place of biblical criticism, cultural backgrounds and biblical theology in scriptural interpretation. This course is only open to students in the MA Biblical Studies program.

BITH 539. Ancient Near East Backgrounds of the Old Testament. (2 Credits)

An introduction to background and comparative studies that will focus on methodology and the conceptual world of the ancient Near East. As the cultures and literatures are compared both similarities and differences will emerge and be evaluated for their impact and role in the exegesis of the biblical text.

BITH 541. Old Testament Criticism. (2 Credits)

A study of the history, method, and results of modern historical approaches to the Old Testament literature. Attention will be given to a critical assessment of these developments from an evangelical perspective.

BITH 542. Old Testament Hermeneutics. (2 Credits)

This course will introduce and utilize specific principles, resources, and skills that are necessary for interpreting Old Testament texts but not dependent on a mastery of the biblical languages. Primary attention will be given to genre analysis, socio-cultural worldview, biblical criticism (including issues of authorship and date of composition for individual books), and the theological shape of the Hebrew canon, as well as the potential contribution of these subdisciplines to the exegetical task. Prerequisite: BITH 524 Introduction to Hermeneutics.

BITH 543. New Testament Criticism. (2 Credits)

A study of the history, method, and results of modern historical-critical approaches to the New Testament literature. Attention will also be given to a critical assessment of these developments from an evangelical perspective.

BITH 544. New Testament I: Jesus & the Gospels. (4 Credits)

The course introduces the student to the life and teachings of Jesus and to the development of the early church, focusing on the four gospels with special attention given to the place of biblical criticism, cultural backgrounds and biblical theology in scriptural interpretation. This course is only open to students in the MA Biblical Studies program.

BITH 545. New Testament II: Acts to Revelation. (4 Credits)

The course examines the book of Acts, Pauline letters, Catholic epistles and book of Revelation, with special attention given to the place of biblical criticism, cultural backgrounds and biblical theology in scriptural interpretation. This course is only open to students in the MA Biblical Studies program.

BITH 546. New Testament Book Studies from the English Text. (2 or 4 Credits)

The content, message, and contemporary relevance of selected portions of the New Testament against the background of the setting of the original writer and recipients. Logical units of the NT literature.

BITH 547. Life and Teachings of Jesus. (4 Credits)

The events and teachings of Jesus in their contemporary context together with an analysis of current relevant research.

BITH 548. Life and Teachings Of Paul. (4 Credits)

The major aspects of the teachings of Paul in the context of his life and times as reflected in selected parts of his letters and Acts.

BITH 551. Greco-Roman Backgrounds of NT. (2 Credits)

An introductory study of the Greco-Roman world, including its history, society, culture, religion, and literature, in relation to the expansion of early Christianity and the New Testament documents.

BITH 552. Jewish Backgrounds of the New Testament. (2 Credits)

A study of the history, literature, and thought within Judaism in the Persian and Hellenistic periods. In providing an important backdrop to the understanding and interpretation of the New Testament, emphasis will fall on the political and economic forces at work in Palestine, as well as the religious ideas and practices.

BITH 553. New Testament and Early Christian History. (4 Credits)

An investigation of the history, literature, and theology of the New Testament and Christianity prior to A.D. 325.

BITH 554. Topics In Archaeology. (2 or 4 Credits)

See ARCH 554.

BITH 555. Exploring the New Testament. (4 Credits)

The course introduces the student to the life and teachings of Jesus, the development of the early church, Pauline and general letters, and the book of Revelation. The focus is on biblical story and theology, and historical and cultural backgrounds in scriptural interpretation.

BITH 558. Topics in Advanced Biblical and Theological Studies. (2 or 4 Credits)

Separate courses devoted to the study of topics of general interest.

BITH 561. Theological Anthropology. (2 Credits)

A theological examination of the nature of persons with special reference to issues raised by modern philosophy and psychology.

BITH 562. Introduction to Old Testament Exegesis. (2 Credits)

A practical hermeneutics course, orienting students to the principles and praxis of Old Testament exegesis. Focusing on selected Hebrew texts, chosen from various genres, attention will be given to the literary and rhetorical strategies employed by biblical authors to achieve their intended goals. Particular issues to be addressed include textual criticism, lexical and grammatical analysis, compositional style and genre and the broader canonical and historical contexts. Prerequisites: HEBR 301, 302, 401.

BITH 563. Apologetics. (2 Credits)

Survey of the theological resources for meeting contemporary challenges to Christianity, including the problems of secularism, pluralism, evil, and the historicity of Jesus.

BITH 565. Christian Theology. (4 Credits)

An introduction to the methods of systematic theology and the major topics within the biblical revelation. Special attention is given to the rationale for these Christian doctrines, their systematic interconnections as well as their development within the history of Christian thought, and their contemporary challenges.

BITH 566. Foundations for Biblical Interpretation. (4 Credits)

A survey of the principles, methods, and issues of biblical and theological interpretation in the past and present. Intended for students in non-theological disciplines, as well as for those in Biblical and Theological studies who have limited theological preparation.

BITH 567. Theology of the Church. (2 Credits)

See BITH 382.

BITH 568. Foundations for Biblical Interpretation. (2 Credits)

A survey of the principles, methods, and issues of biblical and theological interpretation in the past and present. Intended for students in non-theological disciplines, as well as for those in Biblical and Theological studies who have limited theological preparation.

BITH 569. Christian Traditions. (4 Credits)

A survey of the major Christian traditions with an emphasis on their theological presuppositions and systematic thought, including the common tradition of the early church, as well as the Orthodox, Catholic, Reformed, and modern Protestant traditions.

BITH 571. Introduction to the History of Christianity. (2 Credits)

A summary introduction to the history of Christianity designed to provide a rapid but comprehensive overview to assist students who seek basic understanding of the history of Christianity as a background for other fields of study. The emphasis is upon succinct summary, and the course will focus on key turning points in Church history from the early church to the twentieth century. Graduate students will attend the same lectures as undergraduates in HIST 305 but receive different syllabi with different levels of required work.

BITH 572. Doctrine of Scripture. (2 or 4 Credits)

See BITH 392.

BITH 573. Scripture and Theology. (4 Credits)

An in-depth examination of the ways in which theologians use Scripture in formulating theological proposals, both with regard to Christian doctrine (theology) and Christian practice (ethics). The course explores the nature of Scripture, the authority of Scripture, and ways in which the work of theology moves "beyond" Scripture in order to respond to the contemporary situation of the church.

BITH 576. History of Christianity to 1900. (4 Credits)

An introduction to the history of Christianity from the age of the apostles through the nineteenth century. The course treats the development of institutions, doctrines, and interactions with culture. It is divided into approximately equal sections on the early church, the church in the middle ages, the era of the reformation, and the period 1600-1900. The course is meant to be a complement of BITH 577, which focuses on the worldwide expansion of Christianity in the last two centuries.

BITH 577. World Christianity. (4 Credits)

A survey of the history of world Christianity since the middle of the nineteenth century. This course includes some background on the earlier missionary expansion of the Church, but its emphasis is on the transition of Christianity from a western to a world religion in the last two centuries.

BITH 581. The Reformation. (4 Credits)

The doctrines and practices of the Reformers (1450-1650) in their political, social, economic, and intellectual contexts. Special attention to Luther, the Reformed (Zwingli and Calvin), Anabaptists, the English Reformation, and the Catholic Reformation.

BITH 585. History of Christianity in North America. (4 Credits)

See HIST 483.

BITH 622. Theological and Religious Issues in Psychotherapy. (2 Credits)

A study of the religious issues that are confronted in psychotherapy, with an emphasis on the practical clinical applications and implications of Christian theology. The role of the psychologist as a healer and minister of grace will be considered, as well as topics such as sin and evil, confession, redemption, forgiveness, and the use of prayer and Scripture. (For Psy.D. students or with permission of instructor and department chair.)

BITH 623. The History of Pastoral Care. (2 Credits)

A survey of the principles and techniques of Christian nurture (the care of souls) from the time of Gregory the Great to the modern church in America. Both primary and secondary sources are read in an effort to understand how the church has ministered to persons with various needs and in varied circumstances. (For Psy.D. students or with permission of instructor and department chair.)

BITH 624. Theological Ethics for Counseling. (2 Credits)

A course designed to explore the biblical and theological foundations for a Christian ethic together with a consideration of the main Christian traditions in ethics. Case study applications will be made to issues in counseling. (For Psy.D. students or with permission of instructor and department chair.)

BITH 625. Majority World Theologies. (2 Credits)

Readings and discussions on the task of biblical interpretation and theological reflection in the context of world Christianity.

BITH 631. Intermediate Hebrew. (4 Credits)

A comprehensive study of the basic principles and methods of interpreting the Hebrew Old Testament. Emphasis on reading as a tool to build vocabulary and understanding of Hebrew grammar and syntax. Prerequisite: working knowledge of Hebrew.

BITH 634. Poetic Books. (2 or 4 Credits)

The form and content of Hebrew poetry with its background in ancient Near Eastern literature. An examination of key passages in books such as Psalms, Proverbs, and Job.

BITH 635. Hebrew Exegesis. (4 Credits)

Exegesis of books or selected portions of larger books of the Hebrew Old Testament. Capability of translation is assumed because of the prerequisite. The purpose of the course is not to teach Hebrew grammar, but to interpret the Old Testament from the Hebrew text. Prerequisites: BITH 524, BITH 508 (Introduction to Hebrew Exegesis), BITH 542 (Old Testament Hermeneutics), and HEBR 302 or Hebrew Competency. Repeatable for different topics.

BITH 636. Hebrew Exegesis. (2 Credits)

Exegesis of books or selected portions of larger books of the Hebrew Old Testament. Capability of translation is assumed because of the prerequisite. The purpose of the course is not to teach Hebrew grammar, but to interpret the Old Testament from the Hebrew text. Prerequisites: BITH 524, BITH 508 (Introduction to Hebrew Exegesis), BITH 542 (Old Testament Hermeneutics), and HEBR 302 or Hebrew Competency. Repeatable for different topics.

BITH 638. Old Testament Theology. (4 Credits)

The major teachings of the various parts and the whole of the Old Testament with concentration upon some of the most important themes in an attempt to discover the intention of the biblical writers.

BITH 639. Advanced Old Testament Topics. (2 or 4 Credits)

Separate courses devoted to the study of specialized topics, issues, or areas within the Old Testament field.

BITH 641. Current Issues In OT Studies. (2 Credits)

An examination of recent trends in Old Testament scholarship with special attention paid to significant problem areas. Prerequisite: BITH 541.

BITH 645. Canonical Biblical Interpretation. (4 Credits)

An integrative course that is the capstone of the M.A. in Biblical Exegesis program. The course enables students to solidify their ability to exegete scripture with canonical sensitivity. It also guides the student in integrating a canonical perspective into the exegetical and hermeneutical enterprise, including relating parts of the testaments to one another and to their particular relevant historical backgrounds within a biblical-theological framework. Various texts and themes throughout the OT and NT will form the basis for the semester’s work. Four hours to be taken in the student’s last spring semester of the program.

BITH 646. Greek Exegesis. (4 Credits)

Exegesis of books or selected portions of larger books of the Greek New Testament. Capability of translation is assumed because of the prerequisite. The purpose of the course is not to teach Greek grammar but to interpret the New Testament from the Greek text. Prerequisite: BITH 524, BITH 509 (Introduction to Greek Exegesis), BITH 531 (New Testament Hermeneutics), and GREK 102 or Greek Competency. Repeatable for different topics.

BITH 647. Greek Exegesis. (2 Credits)

Exegesis of books or selected portions of larger books of the Greek New Testament. Capability of translation is assumed because of the prerequisite. The purpose of the course is not to teach Greek grammar but to interpret the New Testament from the Greek text. Prerequisites: BITH 524, BITH 509 (Introduction to Greek Exegesis), BITH 531 (New Testament Hermeneutics), and GREK 102 or Greek Competency. Repeatable for different topics.

BITH 648. New Testament Theology. (4 Credits)

An investigation of the dominant themes in the New Testament in the light of the cultures in which they were produced and the methods of representative contemporary New Testament theologians.

BITH 649. Advanced New Testament Topics. (2 or 4 Credits)

Separate courses devoted to the study of specialized topics, issues, or areas within the New Testament field.

BITH 651. Current Issues in New Testament Studies. (2 Credits)

An examination of recent trends in New Testament scholarship with special attention given to significant problem areas. Prerequisite: BITH 543.

BITH 653. Historical Theology: Patristic. (2 Credits)

An examination of the theological developments from the second through the fifth centuries. Special attention is given to the formation of the ecumenical creeds, developments in the doctrines of the canon, God, Christology, soteriology, ecclesiology, and the sacraments, as well as the nuances differentiating the Orthodox and Roman Catholic traditions.

BITH 654. Historical Theology: Medieval Christianity. (2 Credits)

An examination of the theological developments from the fifth through the fourteenth centuries. Special attention is given to the relationship between reason and revelation, soteriology, ecclesiology, the sacraments, and popular piety.

BITH 655. Historical Theology: Reformation. (2 Credits)

An examination of the key theological writings during the Reformation period, including selections by Lutheran, Calvinist, Anabaptist, and Catholic figures.

BITH 656. Historical Theology: Modern. (2 Credits)

An examination of the theological developments from the Enlightenment to the present, focusing on key figures representing nineteenth-century German liberalism, neo-orthodoxy, post-Vatican II Catholicism, liberation, and postmodern theology.

BITH 669. Topics In Theology. (2 or 4 Credits)

Selected topics in theology to provide for in-depth study of a selected topic of current interest.

BITH 673. Christian Ethics. (4 Credits)

An investigation of the biblical and theological foundations of Christian ethics, with attention to a range of contemporary moral issues.

BITH 674. Theology and the Liberal Arts. (4 Credits)

An in-depth examination of the interactions that have taken and are taking place between theology and the arts, as well as the natural and human sciences. Students will explore the ways that theology can assist the disciplines to be "for Christ and his kingdom" (and how the disciplines might return the favor to theology).

BITH 675. Advanced Systematic Theology. (4 Credits)

An in-depth examination of theological method and the major theological topics within the traditional loci, employing classical and contemporary theological texts.

BITH 676. Seminar Systematic Theology. (2 or 4 Credits)

676-1 (Section 1) Focused seminars providing for in-depth research of particular persons, movements, events, eras, topics, and themes in Systematic Theology. (2 or 4 credits); 676-2 (Section 2) Focused seminars providing for in-depth research of particular persons, movements, events, eras, topics, and themes in Systematic Theology (assumes an ancient language or modern language research component in primary and/or secondary resource materials). (4 credits)

BITH 677. Topics in the History of Christianity. (2 or 4 Credits)

Separate courses devoted to the study of the Christian church in specific eras or countries, or specific themes in church history.

BITH 679. Seminar in Historical Theology. (2 or 4 Credits)

679-1 (Section 1) Focused seminars providing for in-depth research of particular persons, movements, events, eras, topics, and themes in Historical Theology. (2 or 4 credits); 679-2 (Section 2) Focused seminars providing for in-depth research of particular persons, movements, events, eras, topics, and themes in Historical Theology (assumes an ancient language or modern language research component in primary and/or secondary resource materials). (4 credits)

BITH 682. Colloquium in the History of American Christianity. (2 or 4 Credits)

Special courses in specific aspects or themes of the history of the church in North America. Taught in conjunction with visiting scholars sponsored by the Institute for the Study of American Evangelicals.

BITH 683. Historiography of the History of Christianity. (2 Credits)

Christianity and history, with emphasis on the history of Church History, the implications for the meaning and practice of history, and the relationship of philosophies of history to the Christian faith.

BITH 684. Vocation Formation in Biblical and Theological Studies. (0 Credits)

This course is encouraged for students considering doctoral work, publishing, teaching, or ministry in the fields of History of Christianity, Theology, or Biblical Studies. This course explores Christian vocation formation in scholarship, professional, and ministry contexts. Readings in Christian vocation formation are assigned and discussed. Class sessions dedicate time to equipping students with practical skills such as in academic writing, research, conference participation, and applying to Ph.D. programs. Publishing as a profession as well as teaching and church/para-church ministry are explored in terms of Christian vocation and skills.

BITH 687. Seminar in American Christianity and Historical Theology. (2 or 4 Credits)

687-1 (Section 1) Focused seminars providing for in-depth research of particular persons, movements, events, eras, topics, and themes in Church History. (2 or 4 credits); 687-2 (Section 2) Focused seminars providing for in-depth research of particular persons, movements, events, eras, topics, and themes in Church History (assumes an ancient language or modern language research component in primary and/or secondary resource materials). (4 credits)

BITH 692. Graduate Comprehensive Exam. (0 Credits)

Prerequisites: The student should be in the final semester of coursework, have completed all core courses, or have completed all coursework. May be repeated once. Graded pass/fail.

BITH 693. Dossier for Biblical Exegesis. (0 Credits)

A culminating portfolio from coursework within the M.A. in Biblical Exegesis that demonstrates a student's attainment of the program learning outcomes. The dossier will consist of a hermeneutics paper, an exegesis paper, a biblical theology paper, and a theology paper, all of which demonstrate an understanding and engagement with diverse ethnic, gender, and majority world perspectives. This course can only be taken during the final semester of a student's degree and is a requirement for the M.A. in Biblical Exegesis program. Prerequisite: Final semester of M.A. in Biblical Exegesis.

BITH 695. Independent Study. (1 to 4 Credits)

Intensive research on a precisely defined topic related to some phase of Biblical and Theological Studies. Initiative for selecting the topic and proposing the methodology rests with the student. A faculty member must approve, recommend amendments (if necessary), supervise, and evaluate the project. Limit four hours in any one degree program except by special permission.

BITH 696. Internship. (2 or 4 Credits)

BITH 698. Thesis. (4 Credits)

BITH 699. Thesis Continuation. (0 Credits)

See M.A. Thesis/Applied Thesis/Action Research.

BITH 751. Introduction to Doctoral Research. (0 Credits)

Orientation to doctoral research in theology and to Wheaton's Ph.D. program in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BITH 793. Directed Study. (2 to 4 Credits)

Supervised independent study in conjunction with the auditing of a regular graduate BTS course.

BITH 794. Directed Study in the Liberal Arts. (2 to 4 Credits)

Supervised independent study in conjunction with a regular undergraduate course in the liberal arts.

BITH 795. Guided Research. (1 to 4 Credits)

Supervised independent study.

BITH 798. Supervised Pedagogical Experience. (2 Credits)

Students participate with a faculty member in teaching a course.

BITH 881. Biblical Interpretation & Theology. (4 Credits)

First year PhD students’ orientation to theological interpretation and contemporary practice in biblical theology, with special attention to hermeneutical issues.

BITH 882. Seminar: Topics in Biblical Theology. (4 Credits)

Intense study of a particular topic in biblical theology, normally including work in both Old and New Testaments.

BITH 883. Seminar: Topics in Systematic or Historical Theology. (4 Credits)

Intense study of a particular topic in systematic or historical theology.

BITH 884. Biblical/Theological Integration. (2 Credits)

Second year PhD students’ capstone regarding theological interpretation of Scripture and contemporary practice in biblical theology, with special attention to developing integrative student case study papers in relation to their dissertation subjects.

BITH 898. Dissertation. (0 Credits)

BITH 899. Dissertation Continuation (Full-time). (0 Credits)

BITH 999. Dissertation Continuation (Part-time). (0 Credits)